Positive Psychology

            Working from the positive side of any problem is one of the easiest methods to both conceive and to apply.  It operates on the premise that positive affect is the basis of healing to which a host of positive results can be attributed.  These results include reduced depression, increased sales, increased emotional intelligence, work fulfillment, increased company profits, and productivity (Foster, & Lloyd, 2007).  Its applied use in the field of suicide prevention is encouraging (Webb, Hirsch, & Toussaint, 2015).  Positive psychology uses its resources to encourage and produce “positive states of well-being” (Morganson, Litano, & O’Neill, 2014, p. 222).  There have been other variants using the basic tenets of positive psychology such as the sustainable happiness model and existential positive psychology (Eberts, & Homeyer, 2015).

            Fredrickson said,” a positive focus broadens an individual’s range of thoughts and actions to choose from and negative emotions constrict an individual’s thought-action repertoire (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001 2004).  This could have an impact subconsciously because of the increase in pursuable options.  Morganson et al. (2014) referred to there being more creative solutions when in a positive environment exists as well as a higher quantity of solutions.  They successfully used this method in promoting work-family balance.  Positive work-family balance has been shown to flow over into work habits such that employees show more loyalty to the company for which they work, more permanency, and do a better job.

References

Eberts, S., & Homeyer, L. (2015). Processing sand trays from two theoretical perspectives: Gestalt and Adlerian. International Journal of Play Therapy, 24(3), 134-150. doi:10.1037/a0039392

Foster, S. L., & Lloyd, P. J. (2007). Positive psychology principles applied to consulting psychology at the individual and group level. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(1), 30–40.

Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300–319.

Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broadenand-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56, 218–226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.218

Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences, 359, 1367–1378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2004.1512

Morganson, V. J., Litano, M. L., & O’Neill, S. K. (2014). Promoting work–family balance through positive psychology: A practical review of the literature. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 17(4), 221-244. doi:10.1037/mgr0000023

Webb, J. R., Hirsch, J. K., & Toussaint, L. (2015). Forgiveness as a positive psychotherapy for addiction and suicide: Theory, research, and practice. Spirituality In Clinical Practice, 2(1), 48-60. doi:10.1037/scp0000054

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